White, shiny, and stainless teeth make for a great smile. Teeth not only give you a vibrant smile but they also have several vital functions. Teeth help you chew and grind the food to make it easier to digest. Teeth also make the structure of your face. Teeth are important to pronounce words properly. Everyone wants their teeth to be perfect lifelong!
So, what will make your teeth strong and shiny? What will help you avoid cavities and plague? The answer is simple, oral hygiene. You have to take proper care of your oral health to prevent bacteria from forming a layer of plaque on your teeth. Plague makes your gums infected and if not removed, it forms a tough layer above it known as calculus. This calculus can only be removed by the dentist then. Further, if calculus layer remains on your tooth for long, gums and teeth bone will start detaching. The teeth bone gets damaged. The result will be tooth decay. Either it would undergo root canal treatment, crowning, bridges, dentures or implants. You can also lose your tooth in this decaying process.
Gum disease (gingivitis) is caused when plaque forms a layer of calculus. Usually, there are no apparent symptoms in the start. Afterward, the gums become swollen and red. Gums also start bleeding and you will feel smell and bad taste in your mouth.
To avoid this, you should maintain a daily oral hygiene routine. Everyone knows that brushing the teeth is important. But how to brush, when to brush, and what other things you have to do daily is important to know. Also, which toothpaste is better for you and how often you should consider your toothbrush to be replaced?
So, let’s discuss all these points in detail.
How often you should brush your teeth:
There is no secret that you should brush your teeth at least twice a day. Most important is to brush your teeth before going to bed. This removes all the dirt and plague which is formed throughout the day. People often skip this and brush in the morning. But brushing in the morning does not help your teeth because over the night all the dirt and food bits stick on the teeth. Bacteria reside in your mouth and grow. So the right time is to brush your teeth just before going to bed. You should also brush your teeth in the middle of the day.
The right way to brush your teeth:
You do not have to be harsh on your teeth. Be gentle while brushing. Move the brush in circular motion. Brush for at least five minutes. Try to reach all the edges and inner sides of your teeth. Do not forget the molars which are at the end of your gums.
You should choose a toothbrush that is soft. An electric toothbrush is best as it moves in the perfect circular movement and is convenient to use. The electric toothbrush is also great for those who cannot move their hands much.
Is fluoride toothpaste good for you?
Yes. You should opt for fluoride toothpaste to use daily. There are many other kinds of toothpastes in the market. For example, there is tartar control toothpaste for those who have developed tartar on the teeth. There are various whitening toothpaste which make your teeth shiny and comparatively white. But these toothpaste cannot build a new layer of enamel on your teeth. There are ‘total control’ toothpastes which prevent cavities, remove plague, and prevent infections. This total control toothpaste can be used in a daily basis but do check if it contains fluoride.
You should use a chickpea size of toothpaste. This means you do not have to use a lot of it to make your teeth clean. All you need is a small amount of a good toothpaste, a soft brush, and a proper way of brushing.
Interdental brushing and flossing:
A lot of us forget this part of oral hygiene. Remember that Interdental brushing is as important as normal brushing. You have to clean the food trapped between your teeth. If this is ignored and normal brushing is practiced daily, even then you can have a cavity and gum disease. The reason is that the space between your teeth can trap food particles and bacteria can reside there, causing an infection.
You can use Interdental brushes for this purpose. Floss also does the job. You should floss your teeth or use Interdental brush at least once in a day.
Using a mouthwash helps get rid of any bacteria and bad breathe. Use it for a good two to three minutes and spit it out. It will also clear out your tongue and gums from harmful microbes and trapped food particles. Use it a good mouthwash and read the instructions before using it.
Eating habits play a great part in your oral hygiene. Try to avoid sugary foods and caffeine. If you are having them at all then do not forget to brush your teeth afterward.
Eat a lot of raw vegetables to make your teeth strong and healthy. Adopting good eating habits is not only good for your oral hygiene but also it has positive effects on your overall health.
Oral care for kids:
It is important that you make your kids brush their teeth as soon as they start eating solid food. Use kid’s toothpaste but it should have fluoride in it. Further, start with a smear of it and then allow your kid to brush his teeth. Encourage him to spit off the toothpaste. Children above seven years of age should brush their teeth with pea-sized toothpaste. Often the kid’s toothpaste has less fluoride comparatively as it is safer for your child.
Oral care starts right from the beginning. You have to develop an environment at home that encourages to oral hygiene as teeth say all about your overall health.